Common DIY Plumbing Mistakes
A clogged sink, a dripping faucet, or an improperly working toilet – these are common plumbing problems that families experience. It's one thing to phone a plumber because something is wrong with the plumbing, and it's another thing to cause the problem yourself. Sometimes homeowners don't realize they are doing the wrong kind of thing until it's too late. If you're looking for trouble, these common plumbing mistakes are a good start. However, if you want to save a few phone calls, just make sure you don't make these seven home plumbing errors.
Lack of vents and traps
It is easily overlooked that basement fixtures need to have appropriate vent. Sometimes it is easy to combine vents, but you might want to check your local or state building code. Also it is also important to add a vent to very trap. When there is not trap, water can be siphoned out, leaving the trap dry and useless. Do not use an S-trap for the sink drain; a P-trap is the right one for this application.
Too much or too little slope
Too much slope is never good. If you think that having a higher slope will make things easier, think again. A high slope means that liquids will move faster than solid, leaving solid behinds causing major issues later during normal operations. Ideally, ¼ inch per feet should be enough.
Improper amount of fixtures per plumbing vent
Although some fixture could have a combined vent, building codes regulate the amount of fixtures added to a common vent. The most common error is when more than 24 fixture units are combined on a 2 inch vent pipe.
Wrong location or wrong amount of cleanouts
There are many times that the cleanouts are located just in the wrong location. It is important to have the required clearance in order to service the line when it gets clogged.
Clean outs are not required by code above the first floor but you might want to consider depending on how the line was designed to add some cleanout just to facilitate servicing the line. Clean outs are required at the base of each sanitary stack, on horizontal branches that are 100 feet apart, when the change of direction of the line exceeds 45 degrees or within 10 feet of connection between the main drain and the sewer.
Tight space around toilets
Be sure to have enough clearance to move around. Toilet must be at least 15 inches from the side wall and at least 18 inches from the wall in front of the equipment. Lavatories must also be located at least 18 inches from the front wall.
Location of pressure relief valves
Water heaters are equipped with pressure and temperature relief valves that will release pressure when there is a continuous rise in temperature and pressure. The drain line must be a full size pipe, slope to drain without valves between the drain and the outlet. The fitting located at the end of the line, must not contain any thread and distance from the floor drain shall be carefully observed.
Connecting dissimilar pipes
This one is very repeated and can lead to serious problems. A galvanized metal pipe cannot be connected to a copper pipe, as these materials will interact with each other, and will corrode very quickly. You might want to use some sort of brass of other type of fitting suitable to connect these lines.
Wrong amount of tee's and wye's
Calculate the number of sanitary T-inlets, combination Y-inlets or 1/8-inch bend inlets that tie into a stack on the drain system to determine the maximum number of fixture units that can be on one stack. Review the "Maximum Number of Fixture Units on One Stack" table in your plumbing code book.